Logistics Consultancy

3D PRINTER – IS IT A PRINTER OR PLASTICS WORKING MACHINE ?

3D printer is a wonderful invention with fabulous function and unlimited creativity. Is it a printer or a plastics working machine?


To declare correct name and apply appropriate policy we must classify correct H.S code. The HS code of a product determines its duty rate, applicable free trade agreements, regulations, and more. Since it’s a new product in Vietnam then even customs officer sometimes are confused of applying the H.S code for the product. My below explanation is open for your further comment.

1/ Is it allowed to import into Vietnam?

Under Vietnam regulation of printing equipment & printing material, if it’s brand new then it’s not prohibited. Second hand equipment is subject to import permit and compliance.

2/ Is there any compliance ?

Yes, if it falls into the heading 84.40, 84.42 and 84.43


3/ Is it under heading 84.43 or 84.77?

Let’s have a look at the descriptions of the heading 84.43: “Printing machinery used for printing by means of plates, cylinders and other printing components of heading 84.42; other printers, copying machines and facsimile machines, whether or not combined; parts and accessories thereof.

It’s all accepted that the ultimate function of the printer is to create a final printing on paper or material by shooting the ink on a surface. Final output should be visible on paper or material.

3D printer actually use no ink or paper for final output. The ink is resin and no paper is required. Its output finally is a mold to form the shape of a product.

I do think that the machine should be classified under 84.77 heading.

What does the heading 84.77 say?

“Machinery for working rubber or plastics or for the manufacture of products from these materials, not specified or included elsewhere in this Chapter”

Then, the product should be classified in the heading 84.77